Moreover, when treatment does occur, the providers are rarely mental health specialists, said Dr. E. Jane Costello, a Duke University professor of psychology and epidemiology, the study leader.
The country’s mental health system has come under scrutiny in recent years following a string of mass shootings in which mental illness seems to have played a role.
The new study, published online in the journal Psychiatric Services, underlines the need for better mental health services for adolescents, Costello said.
“It’s still the case in this country that people don’t take psychiatric conditions as seriously as they should,” Costello said.
“This, despite the fact that these conditions are linked to a whole host of other problems.”
Costello noted that not all teens in the study fared the same. Treatment rates varied greatly for different mental disorders, for instance.
Adolescents with ADHD, conduct disorder or oppositional defiant disorder received mental health care more than 70 percent of the time.
By contrast, teens suffering from phobias or anxiety disorders were the least likely to be treated.
Results also varied greatly by race, with black youths significantly less likely to be treated for mental disorders than white youths.
The care that teenagers received also varied greatly.
In many cases, care was provided by pediatricians, school counselors or probation officers rather than by people with specialized mental health training. There simply are not enough qualified child mental health professionals to go around, Costello said.
“We need to train more child psychiatrists in this country,” Costello said. “And those individuals need to be used strategically, as consultants to the school counselors and others who do the lion’s share of the work.”
The study draws on data from the National Comorbidity Survey Adolescent Supplement, a nationally representative face-to-face survey of 10,148 adolescents between the ages of 13 and 17.
Source: Duke University