Bad economic news can cause an individual to indulge in higher calorie foods, a behavior that may help to explain our country’s obesity epidemic.
In a new study, researchers found that when there is a perception of tough times, people tend to seek higher-calorie foods that will keep them satisfied longer.
Investigators determined that when individuals are subconsciously primed with such messages, a “live for today” impulse is triggered.
This causes people to consume nearly 40 percent more food than when compared to a control group primed with neutral words.
“The findings of this study come at a time when our country is slowly recovering from the onslaught of negative presidential campaign ads chalked with topics such as the weak economy, gun violence, war, deep political divides, just to name a few problem areas,” says Juliano Laran, Ph.D., an assistant professor of marketing at the University of Miami.
“Now that we know this sort of messaging causes people to seek out more calories out of a survival instinct, it would be wise for those looking to kick off a healthier new year to tune out news for a while.”
Researchers also discovered that when the same group primed with “tough times” messages was told the food they were sampling was low-calorie, they consumed roughly 25 percent less of the food.
According to the investigators this is because if people perceive that food resources are scarce, they place a higher value on food with more calories. Researchers performed several studies to determine the influence of ingesting high-calorie verse low-calorie items.
In one study, researchers invited study subjects to join in a taste test for a new kind of M&M. Half the participants were given a bowl of the new candy and were told that the secret ingredient was a new, high-calorie chocolate.
The other half of the participants also received a bowl of M&Ms but were told the new chocolate was low-calorie. All of the participants were told that they could sample the product in order to complete a taste test evaluation form.
In reality, there was no difference in the M&Ms that the two groups were given to taste. The researchers were actually measuring how much participants consumed after they were exposed to posters containing either neutral sentences or sentences related to struggle and adversity.
Those who were subconsciously primed to think about struggle and adversity ate closer to 70 percent more of the “higher-calorie” candy vs. the “lower-calorie” option, while those primed with neutral words did not significantly differ in the amount of M&M’s consumed.
“It is clear from the studies that taste was not what caused the reactions, it was a longing for calories,” continued Laran.
“These findings could have positive implications for individuals in the health care field, government campaigns on nutrition, and companies promoting wellness. And, certainly beware of savvy food marketers bearing bad news.”
The study is published in Psychological Science.