A family member’s mental illness can disrupt the family’s connection with its religious community, leading many affected families to leave the church and their faith behind, according to a new study.
Baylor University researchers found that while families with a member who has mental illness have less involvement in faith practices, they would like their congregation to provide assistance.
Although the church congregation did not totally abandon their role of support, the study found that while help from the church with depression and mental illness was the second priority of families with mental illness, it ranked 42nd among families that did not have a family member with mental illness.
“The difference in response is staggering, especially given the picture of distress painted by the data: Families with mental illness reported twice as many problems and tended to ask for assistance with more immediate or crisis needs compared to other families,” said study co-author Matthew Stanford, Ph.D.
“The data give the impression that mental illness, while prevalent within a congregation, is also nearly invisible.”
The study appears online in the journal Mental Health, Religion and Culture, and is the first study to look at how mental illness of a family member influences an individual’s relationship with the church.
Researchers surveyed nearly 6,000 participants in 24 churches representing four Protestant denominations about their family’s stresses, strengths, faith practices and desires for assistance from the congregation.
Findings suggested that mental illness was prevalent in 27 percent of families surveyed, with those families reporting double the number of stressors, such as financial strain and problems balancing work and family.
Families with mental illness also scored lower on measures of family strength and faith practices, and analysis of desires for assistance found that help with mental illness was a priority for those families affected by it, but virtually ignored by others in the congregation.
“Families with mental illness stand to benefit from their involvement within a congregation, but our findings suggest that faith communities fail to adequately engage these families because they lack awareness of the issues and understanding of the important ways that they can help,” said study co-author Diana Garland, Ph.D., dean of Baylor’s School of Social Work.
“Mental illness is not only prevalent in church communities, but is accompanied by significant distress that often goes unnoticed. Partnerships between mental health providers and congregations may help to raise awareness in the church community and simultaneously offer assistance to struggling families.”
Source: Baylor University