Debate Over Change in Diagnostic Criteria for Pediatric Bipolar
Experts believe a relabeling of the diagnosis of bipolar disorder will not reduce the rate of psychopharmacologic treatment.
A commentary in the New England Journal of Medicine suggest the new diagnostic category for troubled children called Temper Dysregulation Disorder with Dysphoria (TDD), which would to a considerable extent replace the diagnosis of bipolar disorder in children, is not enough to help troubled children flourish.
The new characterization is one of the most talked-about features of recently released draft revisions to the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM).
The new diagnosis would focus on negative mood and temper outbursts as their own symptoms, rather than as indications of mania or other elevated mood symptoms associated with bipolar disorder.
The proposal of a new category suggests that the dramatic increase in the number of children diagnosed with bipolar disorder is not appropriate.
But “will the TDD diagnosis promote the ultimate goal of psychiatric classification: helping troubled children to flourish?” asks Erik Parens, senior research scholar at The Hastings Center.
The answer is no, “unless we get serious about reforming pediatric mental health care,” Parens and collegues write in an essay, “Pediatric Mental Health Care Dysfunction Disorder?”
“No existing DSM diagnosis conveys the appropriate severity and complexity of these children’s moods and behaviors; the ‘bipolar disorder’ label was meant to provide a home for children who were diagnostically homeless,” according to the authors.
“The dispute has been about whether bipolar disorder is the right diagnostic home.”
The TDD label more accurately describes the behavior of most children currently diagnosed as having bipolar disorder, the authors write, and it reflects what is not known, including the outcome of their condition.
They add that the new label will assist researchers studying the etiology, treatment, and outcomes of a serious behavioral and mood disturbance.
“But switching from the bipolar label to the TDD label will not decrease the rate of psychopharmacologic treatment,” the authors warn.
“If applied trivially to any kind of temper tantrum, it will actually increase medication use.”
Children labeled TDD will probably receive many of the same medications currently prescribed for children labeled as having bipolar disorder, which are associated with significant side effects.
One thing is widely agreed upon, according to the commentary: treatment with medications alone is seldom sufficient. Yet a recent study of large private insurance databases found that most children prescribed antipsychotic medications did not receive psychosocial treatment, as well.
“Troubled children, regardless of their diagnostic label, deserve better,” the authors conclude.
Source: The Hastings Center
Nauert PhD, R. (2015). Debate Over Change in Diagnostic Criteria for Pediatric Bipolar. Psych Central. Retrieved on April 30, 2016, from http://psychcentral.com/news/2010/05/20/debate-over-change-in-diagnostic-criteria-for-pediatric-bipolar/13964.html