In a new study, researchers suggest money savings or financial behaviors are linked to a set of other personal behaviors, rather than personal knowledge and experience with money.
Investigators from University College of London discovered impulsive behaviors such as overeating, smoking and infidelity are associated with financial gullibility.
Their findings are published in the journal Personality and Individual Differences.
Researchers conducted their study through the BBC website assessing over 40,000 participants.
Individuals’ financial impulsivity was determined by asking whether they would prefer to receive approximately $70 in three days or $115 in three months. The survey also asked a related series of questions about other behaviors.
Nearly half of those who responded preferred the smaller-sooner sum of money, and these people were more likely to display other impulsive behaviors.
Dr. Stian Reimers, of the ESRC Centre for Economic Learning and Social Evolution at UCL, says: “One of the big questions about people’s financial planning is whether decisions to spend or save come from personal knowledge and experience of money matters or whether they reflect someone’s personality more generally.
“Our research shows that people with an impulsive money-today attitude ignore the future in other ways.
“For example, they are more likely to smoke and more likely to be overweight, which may reflect a preference for immediate pleasure of nicotine and food over long-term good health. People who chose to take the smaller-sooner amount of money were also more likely to admit to having had an affair in recent years, suggesting another manifestation of desire for immediate gratification.”
The study controlled for age, education and income, and found that those most likely to make impulsive financial choices were young, poorly educated, and on lower incomes.
Dr. Reimers continues: “Given that those who decline $115 in three months in favor of $70 in three days are essentially turning down an interest rate that’s hundreds of times what they’d get on the high street, this may begin to explain why some people are reluctant or unable to save money.
“Learning to make decisions that lead to long-term happiness, not just instantaneous gratification, could benefit us all. Simple techniques can help reduce impulsivity: like imagining how you’d feel about your decision in a year’s time, or trying to avoid making decisions in the heat of the moment.”
Source: University College London