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Kids with Mental Illness Face Bias

By Senior News Editor
Reviewed by John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on March 16, 2007

Sadly, researchers have discovered Americans are more likely to socially reject children with mental illness than they are those with physical illnesses such as asthma. A survey of over 1100 adults surfaced the perplexing stigma associated with children diagnosed with disorders such as ADHD, bipolar or depression.

Researchers call for a dedicated effort among parents, professionals, researchers and educators to develop strategies to reverse the social perceptions.

“Many respondents did not want their children to become friends with other kids identified as having mental illnesses or have them come over to spend an evening socializing,” said Jack Martin, Ph.D., lead study author.

The Indiana University research team looked at data from a national face-to-face interview of adults who were given descriptions of children of various ages with symptoms that were similar to asthma, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, depression or “normal troubles.” The interviewer never mentioned a specific diagnosis.

“We used asthma as a baseline condition because it represents a physical problem with a known and standard treatment,” said Martin, who is executive director of the university’s Karl Schuessler Institute for Social Research, in Bloomington. “We wanted to see if Americans felt differently about a child with a mental health problem.”

Almost 30 percent of the 1,134 participants said they would not like their child to become friends of a child with depression, and almost one in four said the same thing about ADHD. Roughly 20 percent said they did not want a child with either ADHD or depression living next door. But when asked about friendship with children with ”normal troubles” and asthma symptoms, negative responses dropped to 10 percent or less in all categories.

“[People] aren’t as concerned, however, if a child with mental illness is in the same class as their child or if a child with mental illness moved into their neighborhood,” Martin said.

“This study suggests that a large number of Americans just don’t want their kids to be spending time with other kids suffering from ADHD or depression.”

The study appears in the latest issue of the Journal of Health and Social Behavior.

David Rabiner, Ph.D., director of undergraduate studies in the department of psychology and neuroscience at Duke University, said the study “highlights the difficulty that parents of a child with mental health problems … can have in helping their child make friends and be accepted by peers.”

Rabiner, who was not involved with the study, added, “Identifying ways to reduce the stigma that children with mental health problems may often contend with is an issue that parents, professionals, researchers and educators should join forces to address.”

Source: Health Behavior News Service

 

APA Reference
Nauert, R. (2007). Kids with Mental Illness Face Bias. Psych Central. Retrieved on December 20, 2014, from http://psychcentral.com/news/2007/03/16/kids-with-mental-illness-face-bias/690.html

 

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