Generic Name: Alprazolam (al-PRAZ-oh-lam)Drug Class: Antianxiety Agent
- Drug Uses
- General Information
- How it Works
- How to Take It
- Possible Side Effects
- Warnings and Precautions
- Drug Interactions
- Missing a Dose
- Pregnancy or Nursing
This information is for educational purposes only. Not every known side effect,
adverse effect, or drug interaction is in this database. If you have questions
about your medicines, talk to your health care provider.
How it Works
How to Take It
Follow the directions given to you by your doctor. This medicine is taken
by mouth with water and can be taken with or without food. Avoid drinking
grapefruit juice with this medicine. Alprazolam is typically taken 3 times
daily as needed.
Possible Side Effects
- Some common side effects reported with this medicine include:
- unusual weakness
- Other side effects are possible. If you experience other bothersome side effects, contact your health care provider.
- Do NOT increase your dose of this medicine without first talking to your doctor, even if you feel that the medicine is not working.
- Avoid alcohol with this medicine due to additive drowsy effects.
- There are some risks of dependence with this medicine, if taken over a period of time.
- Do NOT drive a car or perform other tasks that may be dangerous, until you know how this medicine affects you.
- Seek medical attention immediately. For non emergencies, contact your local or regional poison control center.
- This medicine should not be taken with ketoconazole or intraconazole. If you are taking either of these medications, notify your doctor before taking this medicine. Certain antibiotics such as clarithromycin or erythromycin when taken with this medicine can increase the effects of this medicine.
- kava can increase the side effects of alprazolam and should be avoided.
- Case reports show that St. John's Wort can decrease the therapeutic effects of this medicine. If you are taking alprazolam, talk to your health care provider before taking any nonprescription or herbal products.
Keep this medication in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out
of reach of children. Store it at room temperature and away from excess heat
and moisture (not in the bathroom). Throw away any medication that is outdated
or no longer needed.
This medicine should not be used if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.
This medicine can cause harm to your fetus. For breast-feeding mothers, check
with your doctor to discuss any possible risks to your baby while taking this
More InformationFor more information, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or health care provider.
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 19 May 2015
Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.