Seniors and Depression
Table of Contents:
- An Introduction to the Depression Series
- Types of Depression
- Symptoms of Depression and Mania
- Causes of Depression
- Depression in Women, Seniors and Children
- Diagnostic Evaluation and Treatment
- How to Help Yourself if You are Depressed
- Where to Get Help
- Further Information
Depression in Seniors
As we age, many people believe that it is normal or expected that a person should become more depressed. But that’s not the case.
Depression is not a normal part of aging, and studies show that most seniors feel satisfied with their lives, despite increased physical ailments. However, when older adults do have depression, it may be overlooked because seniors may show different, less obvious symptoms, and may be less inclined to experience or acknowledge feelings of sadness or grief.
In addition, older adults may have more medical conditions such as heart disease, stroke or cancer, which may cause depressive symptoms, or they may be taking medications with side effects that contribute to depression. Some older adults may experience what some doctors call vascular depression, also called arteriosclerotic depression or subcortical ischemic depression. Vascular depression may result when blood vessels become less flexible and harden over time, becoming constricted. Such hardening of vessels prevents normal blood flow to the body’s organs, including the brain. Those with vascular depression may have, or be at risk for, a co–existing cardiovascular illness or stroke.
Although many people assume that the highest rates of suicide are among the young, older white males age 85 and older actually have the highest suicide rate. Many have a depressive illness that their doctors may not detect, despite the fact that these suicide victims often visit their doctors within one month of their deaths.
The majority of older adults with depression improve when they receive treatment with an antidepressant, psychotherapy, or a combination of both.18 Research has shown that medication alone and combination treatment are both effective in reducing the rate of depressive recurrences in older adults. Psychotherapy alone also can be effective in prolonging periods free of depression, especially for older adults with minor depression, and it is particularly useful for those who are unable or unwilling to take antidepressant medication.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Mental Health, N. (2013). Seniors and Depression. Psych Central. Retrieved on April 19, 2015, from http://psychcentral.com/lib/seniors-and-depression/0001293