Intelligence Library


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Book Review: Living Independently on the Autism Spectrum

August 28th, 2014
Lynne Soraya grew up in a world that did not always make sense. She did learn to make her way through, but it was difficult. As an adult, she was diagnosed with Asperger’s Syndrome — then life began to make much more sense. Soraya’s book, Living Independently on the Autism Spectrum: What You Need to Know to ...

The Folly of Fools: The Logic of Deceit & Self-Deception in Human Life

BOOK REVIEW.
Nobody likes to be told that they’ve been living a lie. However, this is at the heart of The Folly of Fools, Harvard biologist Robert Trivers’s recent polemical effort. In this fiercely, if not sloppily, argued book, Trivers presents his vision of human and animal self-deception from a multitude of sources that range from genomics to ...

Five Telltale Signs Your Child is a Budding Perfectionist

Five Telltale Signs Your Child is a Budding PerfectionistI once met a young man who had had many successes in his youth. He was intelligent and outgoing. He had always been the star in high school and had enjoyed the praise he received from others, but ...

The Human Spark: The Science of Human Development

BOOK REVIEW.
Few writers have made me feel this lucky for being a book reviewer, but Jerome Kagan has done it with The Human Spark. In his survey of human development that includes conception and first years, mental health, morality, and the effects of birth order, Kagan clearly, concisely, and empathically identifies specific actions and reactions in every ...

The Gap: The Science of What Separates Us from Other Animals

BOOK REVIEW.
We humans have always been fascinated with other animals. We keep them as pets, treat them as family, even buy them Halloween costumes. We make comments to our cats as we watch TV. However, as much as we treat other species as people, some see an undeniable difference between humans and every other type of ...

The Secret of What Makes a Winner

The Secret of What Makes a Winner“Quitters never win and winners never quit.” That was a playground cheer when I was growing up. It turns out there was something to it. Let’s first define “winning.” For my purposes here, winning means meeting a long-sought-after goal. It means ...

6 Reliable Strategies for Making Smarter Decisions

6 Reliable Strategies for Making Smarter Decisions We must make a variety of decisions on a daily basis. Many are less important, such as what to wear or what coffee to drink. But there are lots of these choices to be made. In fact, according to author ...

Subliminal: How Your Unconscious Mind Rules Your Behavior

BOOK REVIEW.
Wine connoisseurs, picky shoppers, and many others may bristle at Subliminal: How Your Unconscious Mind Rules Your Behavior. We don’t like to be told that we make our decisions not on logical and reasonable grounds, but for far less obvious reasons, sometimes acting against our own best interests. Yet that is exactly what author Leonard ...

Divine Intuition: Your Inner Guide to Purpose, Peace & Prosperity

BOOK REVIEW.
Have you ever had a sinking feeling in the pit of your stomach when you make a big, and what turns out to be awful, decision? Or gotten chills talking to someone who later turned out to be stealing money from you? It could be that these are messages from your intuition attempting to warn ...

Situations Matter: Understanding How Context Transforms Your World

BOOK REVIEW.
Sam Sommers describes his work simply and directly: "I study situations for a living.” He is a psychology professor at Tufts University and appears to thoroughly enjoy his job. Situations Matter: Understanding How Context Transforms Your World applies the lessons he has learned through research to our daily activities -- and it’s an enjoyable read. To make ...

Animal Wise: The Thoughts & Emotions of Our Fellow Creatures

BOOK REVIEW.
One of my best friends, Valor, a black Labrador, was a genius. My husband set up a video recorder and we saw that Valor waited exactly 60 seconds after the garage door closed before stealing whatever food was on the table. Valor knew that I often forgot stuff and reopened the garage door as soon ...

Book Review: Smart Thinking

BOOK REVIEW.
Most of us probably assume we do a pretty good job of thinking as we go about our work or personal lives. Art Markman’s book, Smart Thinking, shows us how wrong many of us are -- but it also shows us how to begin to change the way we think. This is a fascinating book for ...

Mastermind: How to Think Like Sherlock Holmes

BOOK REVIEW.
Imagine growing up in a family in which the father reads to his children every night before they go to bed. Now imagine that the stories he reads are those about Sherlock Holmes. Such is Maria Konnikova's introduction to the celebrated sleuth and subject of her intriguing book, Mastermind: How to Think Like Sherlock Holmes. ...

The Secret Life of Pronouns

The Secret Life of PronounsSuicidal poets use “I” more. Presidential candidates who say “we” come across as arrogant and aloof toward their audience. In the week after September 11, 2001, bloggers’ use of “I” spiked to exponential highs. Curious? So was James Pennebaker. Dr. Pennebaker, psychology ...

Are We Getting Smarter? Rising IQ in the Twenty-First Century

BOOK REVIEW.
In his latest book, Are We Getting Smarter?, James R. Flynn tackles serious debates. Flynn is a psychologist, professor, and author of 12 books — most notably Where Have All the Liberals Gone? (Cambridge, 2008) and, the precursor to this book, What Is Intelligence? (Cambridge, 2007). He is influential in his field; the trend he previously ...

Heart Failure May Trigger Forgetfulness

Heart failure has been linked to detrimental changes in the brain, says new research published recently in the European Heart Journal. The condition may occur due to ischemic heart disease or high blood pressure, and affects about three percent of all adults. As heart failure has been linked to depression and cognitive impairment, Professor Osvaldo ...

Wired for Success: Using NLP to Activate Your Brain for Maximum Achievement

BOOK REVIEW.
There’s a great quote from Charles Darwin that forms the basis of Wendy Jago’s new book: “It is not the strongest of the species that survives, not the most intelligent that survives. It is the one that is the most adaptable to change.” This is the thesis of Wired for Success: Using NLP to Activate Your ...

Chicken Soup for the Soul: Boost Your Brain Power!

BOOK REVIEW.
"Chicken Soup for the Soul: Boost Your Brain Power! You Can Improve and Energize Your Brain at Any Age" is an empowering collection of stories on how anyone, at any age, can enhance their brain power. This anthology of stories is accompanied by advice from renowned brain expert Dr. Marie Pasinski. She wrote it with the help ...

Unlock your Fidgety Child’s Ability to Learn and Focus

Unlock your Fidgety Child's Ability to Learn and Focus Teaching is hard enough, but when you have a child who has a hard time focusing, it can seem impossible! I’m talking about the type of child who has the uncontrollable need to fidget ...

Success in College Despite Learning Disabilities

Success in College Despite Learning DisabilitiesIt happens every semester. A freshman shyly approaches me after the first class with the form from the advising center stating that the student has a documented learning disability and needs reasonable accommodations. I always ask to meet with the ...

Howard Andrew Knox: Pioneer of Intelligence Testing at Ellis Island

BOOK REVIEW.
When many people think of immigrants disembarking at Ellis Island a century ago, they imagine swarms of recent arrivals being examined for infectious diseases and many being quarantined or turned away because they were deemed a threat to public health. But in Howard Andrew Knox: Pioneer of Intelligence Testing at Ellis Island, the British scholar ...

Pocket Guide to Interpersonal Neurobiology: An Integrative Handbook of the Mind

BOOK REVIEW.
The Pocket Guide to Interpersonal Neurobiology is a streamlined compilation of the Norton Series on Interpersonal Neurobiology (IPNB), which use multidisciplinary views to help understand the human mind. The objective of this relatively new field is to study “the ways in which relationships and the brain interact to shape our mental lives” and “is meant ...

Community, Libraries and Mental Health

Community, Libraries and Mental HealthUnlike his colleague Sigmund Freud, Alfred Adler -- another early 20th century psychologist -- wasn’t interested in analyzing the psyche of individuals. Instead, he focused on the degree to which people feel nested in community. To Adler, the ...