What is Exposure Therapy?

Exposure therapy is a specific type of cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy technique that is often used in the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and phobias. In PTSD, exposure therapy is...
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Coping with Flashbacks

Flashbacks are memories of past traumas. They may take the form of pictures, sounds, smells, body sensations, feelings, or the lack of them (numbness). Many times there is no...
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What is a Trigger?

A trigger is something that sets off a memory tape or flashback transporting the person back to the event of her/his original trauma. Triggers are very personal; different things...
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PTSD and Community Violence

Community violence can take many forms: riots, sniper attacks, gang wars and drive-by shootings, and workplace assaults. On a larger scale, terrorist attacks, torture, bombings, war, ethnic cleansing, and...
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PTSD and Older Veterans

From as long ago as Homer’s ancient story of the battle between the Trojans and the Greeks, and the times of the Bible and Shakespeare, military personnel have been...
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Types of PTSD

There are five main types of post-traumatic stress disorder: normal stress response, acute stress disorder, uncomplicated PTSD, comorbid PTSD and complex PTSD. Normal Stress Response The normal stress response...
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PTSD and Relationships

Trauma survivors with PTSD often experience problems in their intimate and family relationships or close friendships. PTSD involves symptoms that interfere with trust, emotional closeness, communication, responsible assertiveness, and...
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Facts about PTSD

General Adult Population The following information on PTSD in the general adult population is taken from the National Comorbidity Survey (NCS) report. The estimated lifetime prevalence of PTSD among...
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PTSD and Children

Children often are exposed to trauma as a result of the following kinds of events: physical or sexual assault or abuse family and community violence experiencing or witnessing severe...
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A Birthmom’s Pain

Their name is legion, for they are many, and yet no one knows them. A “legion,” in Biblical terms, was a Roman military platoon of 6,000 men. There are...
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I Grew Up in Poverty

I grew up in poverty, in a family of 9 children in rural Maine. We had a small sustenance farm with animals and a very large garden. I have...
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Jennifer’s Story

I think my problems started at age 3, when my father passed away. My mother said I almost had a mental breakdown, I quit talking, and was in my...
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