Markedly abnormal expression in the emotional and tonal aspects of speech, such as inflection and emphasis, or an inability to interpret and comprehend these aspects in the speech of others. The former, known as expressive dysprosody, is caused by damage to Broca’s area on the nondominant brain hemisphere. The latter, called receptive dysprosody, occurs with damage to Wernicke’s area on the nondominant hemisphere.

Example: A young schizophrenic patient ends every statement with a bizarre and pronounced melodic lift, as though everything he says is a question.