Memory consolidation is the process by which one’s short-term memories become more firmly established as long-term memories.
Example: By studying her vocabulary flashcards repeatedly for days before the test, the student ensures she will remember more for the exam than if she had crammed at the last minute.
Grinnell, R. (2008). Consolidation. Psych Central. Retrieved on May 4, 2015, from http://psychcentral.com/encyclopedia/2008/consolidation/