In classical conditioning, the response exhibited by a subject after he or she has been trained to associate a neutral (conditioned) stimulus with an unconditioned stimulus.
Example: In Pavlov’s classic dog experiments, the animals learned to associate the sound of a bell (the conditioned stimulus) with the presentation of food (the unconditioned stimulus). Eventually, the tone of the bell alone would elicit salivation (the conditioned response) from the dogs.
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 29 Nov 2008