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Generic Name: Carbamazepine (kar-ba-MAZ-e-peen)

Drug Class: Anticonvulsant

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Tegretol (Carbamazepine) is used in patients to treat and prevent seizures. It is an anticonvulsant (orĀ anti-epileptic) drug that works by decreasing nerve impulses that cause seizures and nerve pain, such as trigeminal neuralgia and diabetic neuropathy.

This medication is also used to treat bipolar disorder.

It works by reducing seizure activity in the brain and restoring nerve activity’s normal balance.

This information is for educational purposes only. Not every known side effect, adverse effect, or drug interaction is in this database. If you have questions about your medicines, talk to your health care provider.

How to Take It

Follow the directions for using this medicine provided by your doctor. Take this medicine with food or milk. Avoid drinking grapefruit juice or eating grapefruits while taking this medicine. Take this medicine regularly, do not skip doses.

Side Effects

Side effects that may occur while taking this medicine include:

  • unsteadiness
  • constipation
  • blurred vision
  • drowsiness
  • nausea and /or vomiting
  • dizziness

Contact your doctor immediately if you experience:

  • stomach pain
  • dark or change in the amount of urine
  • unusual bleeding or bruising
  • swollen lymph nodes
  • sensitivity to the sun
  • persistent vomiting
  • headache
  • yellowing skin or eyes
  • mental or mood changes
  • mouth sores

Warnings & Precautions

  • DO NOT stop taking this medicine without first talking to your doctor.
  • Before you have any medical or dental appointments or surgery, tell your doctor or dentist that you are taking this medicine.
  • This medicine can cause dizziness or drowsiness.
  • Older adults may experience more sensitivity to side effects of this drug, particularly irregular heartbeat, confusion, or unsteadiness.
  • The side effects may affect your ability to operate a motor vehicle safely.
  • This medicine may cause increased sensitivity to the sun. Avoid exposure to the sun, sunlamps, or tanning booths until you know how you react to this medicine. Use sunscreen or protective clothing if you must be outside for a prolonged period.
  • For an overdose, seek medical attention immediately. For non emergencies, contact your local or regional poison control center at 1-800-222-1222.

Drug Interactions

For diabetics; this medicine may cause false test results with some urine glucose tests. Check with your doctor before adjusting the dose of your diabetes medicine or changing your diet.

Before taking any new prescription or over-the-counter medicine, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. Other medicine can affect the way carbamazepine works in the body.

Dosage & Missed Dose

Tegretol is available in tablets, chewable tablets, suspension, and extended release tablets.

Take Tegretol with food, exactly as prescribed. Never alter the dosage.

Talk to your doctor before stopping this medication. Stopping seizure medication suddenly if you have epilepsy can cause seizures that will not stop.

Take your next dose as soon as you remember. If it is time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular schedule. Do not double doses or take extra medicine to make up for the missed dose.


Keep this medication in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out of reach of children. Store it at room temperature and away from excess heat and moisture (preferably not in the bathroom). Throw away any medication that is outdated or no longer needed.


If you plan on becoming pregnant, discuss with your doctor the benefits and risks of using this medicine during pregnancy. It is NOT known if this medicine is excreted in breast milk. It is recommended that you DO NOT breast-feed while taking this medicine unless your doctor or pediatrician has told you to.

More Information

For more information, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or health care provider, or you can visit this website, for additional information from the manufacturer of this drug.



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APA Reference
Psych Central. (2018). Tegretol. Psych Central. Retrieved on October 26, 2020, from


Scientifically Reviewed
Last updated: 8 Oct 2018
Last reviewed: By Christine Traxler, M.D.
Published on All rights reserved.