Generic Name: Lorazepam (lor-AZ-ze-pam)
Drug Class: Antianxiety Agent
Table of Contents
- How to Take It
- Side Effects
- Warnings & Precautions
- Drug Interactions
- Dosage & Missing a Dose
- Pregnancy or Nursing
- More Information
Lorazepam is used for the management of anxiety disorders or for the short-term relief of the symptoms of anxiety associated with depressive symptoms. Your doctor may use this medicine to treat other conditions as well.
This medication works by enhancing the action of the nerve transmitter GABA, which in turn blocks higher brain centers. It also reduces the time it take to fall asleep.
This information is for educational purposes only. Not every known side effect, adverse effect, or drug interaction is in this database. If you have questions about your medicines, talk to your health care provider.
How to Take It
Follow the directions given to you by your doctor. These are printed on your prescription label. Food does not affect this medicine so it can be taken with or without food. Avoid drinking grapefruit juice with this medicine. Do not take more of this medicine or take it longer than prescribed by your doctor. This medicine can be habit-forming.
Side effects that may occur while taking this medicine include:
- dry mouth
Contact your doctor immediately if you experience:
- restlessness or excitement
- changes in sex drive
- difficulty urinating
- blurred vision
Warnings & Precautions
- Do not increase your dose of this medicine without first talking to your doctor, even if you feel that the medicine is not working.
- This medicine may cause drowsiness, dizziness, or lightheadedness. Do not drive, operate machinery, or do anything else that could be dangerous until you know how you react to this medicine.
- Alcoholic beverages can increase the effects of this medicine and should be avoided.
- For an overdose, seek medical attention immediately. For non emergencies, contact your local or regional poison control center at 1-800-222-1222.
Before taking any new medicine, either prescription or over-the-counter, check with your doctor or pharmacist. This includes supplements and herbal products.
Dosage & Missed Dose
Drug dosage for this medication will depend on whether it is oral, liquid, or injection.
Take this medication as prescribed by your doctor.
Lorazepam oral tablets are available in strengths of 0.5 mg, 1 mg, and 2 mg.
If you miss a dose, take your next dose as soon as you remember. If it is time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular schedule. Do not double doses or take extra medicine to make up for the missed dose.
Keep this medication in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out of reach of children. Store it at room temperature and away from excess heat and moisture (preferably not in the bathroom). Throw away any medication that is outdated or no longer needed.
If you plan on becoming pregnant, discuss with your doctor the benefits and risks of using this medicine during pregnancy. It is NOT known if this medicine is excreted in breast milk. It is recommended that you DO NOT breast-feed while taking this medicine unless your doctor or pediatrician has told you to.
For more information, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or health care provider, or you can visit this website, https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/meds/a682053.html for additional information from the manufacturer of this drug.
Overall Review of this Medication
Psych Central. (2016). Ativan. Psych Central. Retrieved on July 26, 2016, from http://psychcentral.com/drugs/ativan/