As with Delusional Disorder and Paranoid Personality Disorder, the clinician must exercise care in therapy to not directly challenge delusional or inappropriate thoughts. A warm, supportive, and client-centered environment should be established with initial rapport. As with Avoidant Personality Disorder, the individual lacks an adequate social support system and usually avoids most social interactions because of extreme social anxiety. The patient often reports feelings of being "different" and not "fitting in" with others easily, usually because of their magical or delusion thinking. There is no simple solution to this problem. Social skills training and other behavioral approaches which emphasize the learning of the basics of social relationships and social interactions may be beneficial.
While individual therapy is the preferred modality at the onset of therapy, it may be appropriate to consider group therapy as the client progresses. Such a group should be for this specific disorder, though, which may be difficult to form or find in smaller communities.
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 9 Oct 2013
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