The old criteria in the DSM-IV divided schizophrenia by different Types. Though we not longer use such specifiers in the updated DSM-5, they remain below for informational/historical purposes.
A brief list of types of schizophrenia, according to DSM-IV:
- Paranoid schizophrenia– a person feels extremely suspicious, persecuted, grandiose, or experiences a combination of these emotions.
- Disorganized schizophrenia — a person is often incoherent but may not have delusions.
- Catatonic schizophrenia– a person is withdrawn, mute, negative and often assumes very unusual postures.
- Residual schizophrenia — a person is no longer delusion or hallucinating, but has no motivation or interest in life. These symptoms can be most devastating.
Psych Central. (2014). Schizophrenia Symptoms. Psych Central. Retrieved on March 31, 2015, from http://psychcentral.com/disorders/schizophrenia-symptoms/
Symptom criteria summarized from:
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fifth edition. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fourth edition. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 22 Jun 2014
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