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The Johari Window

By Samuel López De Victoria, Ph.D.

Johari Window
One of the greatest gifts you could give yourself is to seek, find, and apply truth in your life. This is the path to becoming a healthy person. Aligning yourself with the truth permits a better person to eventually emerge from …

15 Comments to
The Johari Window

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  1. I think that in the depressive’s mind, the hidden self contains a laundry list of negative qualities and that it takes precendence over everything else in the Johari window. Thus, this concept can be very helpful in detecting the beginnings of a depressive episode.

    Wendy Aron, author of Hide & Seek: How I Laughed at Depression, Conquered My Fears and Found Happiness

  2. The question now becomes how do I construct or fill in my Johari Window? Is a person able to step outside himself so to speak and observe himself and effectively identify the various cagtegories of himself and fill in the window? Are there questions to consider, or will he need to meet with a friend or professional to walk him through the process and then interpret the window?

    If a person is unable to see himself correctly how will he “journey forward into the discovery of who he is?”

    And, I love the “anatomical posterior (wink)” comment.

  3. Terry,

    I would summarize my answer as:

    Meditation: You may use spiritual processes such as prayer, chanting or praising, thinking about spiritual texts and concepts, etc. These can bring illumination and therefore insight and enlightenment into who you are. Meditation usually requires spending unhurried time alone and away from the daily movement of your life in society.

    Contemplation: Can include meditation. Contemplation is a modified form of meditation where you don’t have to give up your normal life to do. You process as you move throughout your day. You look at your behavior, actions, reactions, how others respond to you, etc.

    Consultation: Exposure to others and their opinions on your life, behavior, and how you affect them. For example, the following old Neurolinguistic Programming quote can help. This quote states that “the meaning of your communication is how it is received.” This is a very powerful concept. It shows that the real meaning of what you do depends on how others are reading it. This can lead you to some discoveries.

    This is just a quick “off-the-cuff” answer. I hope it helps a little.

    Samuel Lopez De Victoria, Ph.D.

  4. Sam,
    That is helpful, and makes sense. And I suppose if I needed further guidance some probing and insightful questions in conversation with someone like yourself or a good friend who understood these matters would speed along the discovery process. – Terry

  5. I have received some reaction through my personal web site ( concerning the reference to “chanting.” I believe some of these persons come from a religious background where the word “chanting” is not used or perceived as “New Age.” Though I do not categorize myself as a “New Ager” I personally believe that the word “chant” can be applied to Christian practices such as prayer, singing, praise worship, speaking in tongues, and of course, to the Gregorian Chant music. The linguistical problem happens when one hears a word that might have been introduced in a negative context (such as the word, “chant.” The worship context has elements where religious phrases are repeated, hence “chanting.”

    In the case of the Gregorian chant some such as Dr Alan Watkins, a senior lecturer in neuroscience at Imperial College London, say that there are benefits to lowering blood pressure, increase good hormone levels, and reduce anxiety and depression. For a link to this recent article go to:

    I hope I have been able to clarify and not offend anyone’s religious sensibilities. One goal of my article was to stimulate people to look inside. How they do it, is up to them.

  6. Hi Sam,
    I really like the idea of Johari Window.
    I agree with you that finding the truth in our life and enjoying the performance of the truth in our life will give us less stress and more power.We have to listen the truth as we listen a live and a beatiful music that is magic not because of the mucical instrument , but because of the musician.

  7. Albana,

    You said it quite well. I am a strong believer in the statement that says that knowing the truth will set us free. It will set us free from toxic beliefs, irrational thinking, trauma memories, phobias, etc.

    Thank you,

    Samuel Lopez De Victoria, Ph.D.

  8. I kind of like this introspective Johari Window thing. I haven’t tried it myself nor do I know of anyone who has. However, I suspect that it would be a great tool and perhaps coping mechanism for depression, anxiety, or even migraines which often stems from depression, stress or anxiety. It’s a sort of brief diary if you will. It also seems to mirror the techniques of Namaste yoga and maybe a bit of existentialism.
    I’m sure there are a lot of stressors that start my migraines and if I would just attempt to use this Johari technique, I might see a change!

    Dr. Sam, I too agree that if we address the unconscious truths within ourselves and our lives we can be freed. Some people believe that they live more comfortably if they don’t have to face reality or the truth. However, that tends to have an opposite effect on our psychological stability. Finding the strength to come to terms with the truth and learning more about who we truly are, will eventually be beneficial.

    Meditation, yoga, or prayer are three tools I make much use of.


  9. Sam,

    I learned about the Johari Window years ago and I think you have missed a critical perspective. Johari’s Window is a graphical construct that is difficult to explain without drawing it on a piece of paper, but it explains the nature of what a “window” opens with the Johari perspective: the interdependence that emerges from true friendship.

    When I explain a bit of me that you don’t see, I take the risk to expand a bit of my private self to you – expanding my public self to you. This expands the verticle line between my public and private self.

    With this new insight and trust I convey to you, you then explain to me something I have never seen about myself, expanding my public self into my blind domain. This expands the horizontal line between my blind self and the unknown.

    The intersection of these expanding lines unlocks the tiny box that opens in my unknown self that both of us now understand and share. I always thought the principle behind Johari’s window was the joint benefit of interdependence.

  10. Chris,

    Thank you for contributing more on the Johari Window. When I discovered it I found it explained so much… more than the conscious mind sees. I am a strong believer of the negative power of self-deception and how the subconscious mind is in the business of working on many levels. The Johari Window is a great way to see levels of deep issues.

    Samuel Lopez De Victoria, Ph.D.

  11. what is your understanding of Johari Window? what is the major difference between blind and hidden area, how does it facilitates a manager in his/ her organizational life?

  12. The Johari Window, named after the first names of its inventors, Joseph Luft and Harry Ingham, is one of the most useful models describing the process of human interaction. A four paned “window,” as illustrated above, divides personal awareness into four different types, as represented by its four quadrants: open, hidden, blind, and unknown. The lines dividing the four panes are like window shades, which can move as an interaction progresses.

  13. What are the four sides of a man as discovered by a Joharis?

  14. Well, for any individual to overcome the problem there has to be a level of acceptance; the acceptance would be effective only when there is an awareness; and awareness can be achieved by intraspection… for intraspection Johari window will aid us… it would not provide how others percieve us, would also give us an idea of how we react or act to certain internal and external factors which directly or indirectly impacts on our demenor…

  15. hi sam,
    i concur with you on the use of the Johari Window to seek and find the truth about oneself. my question therefore is, how does the Johari window help in character formation and re modification to adapt to changing society.

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