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Understanding Research Methodology 4: Peer Review Process

In the peer review process, a paper is submitted to a journal and evaluated by several reviewers.  (Reviewers are often individuals with an impressive history of work in the area of interest, that is, the specific area that the article addresses).  After critiquing the paper the reviewers submit their thoughts to the editor.  Then, based on the commentaries from the reviewers, the editor decides whether to publish the paper, make suggestions for additional changes that could lead to publication, or reject the paper.

The primary purpose of peer review is to ensure that the papers published are valid and unbiased.

Single Blind and Double Blind Reviews

In single blind reviews authors do not know who the reviewers are.  In double blind reviews authors do not know who the reviewers are, nor do reviewers know the identity of the authors.  In many fields single blind reviews are the norm, while in others double blind reviews are preferred.

3 Comments to
Understanding Research Methodology 4: Peer Review Process

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  1. As a college professor in New York City, I applaud this simply worded yet thoughtful essay. It should be required reading for all undergfraduates.


  2. I meant to say undergraduates in the posting above.


  3. Thank you so much! I struggle with statistics and understanding the written summarization of the studies. If you have specific examples of research that is reporting data incorrectly, using the faulty methodology, PLEASE send me links. I am working very hard to improve my “sluething” skills.



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