Scientific research relies on the use of empirical data for acquiring knowledge. Empiricism means making use of observation and experience. Science goes beyond the use of the empiricism normally used in everyday life, however. Scientific research employs systematic empiricism.
Observation itself is necessary in acquiring scientific knowledge, but unstructured observation of the natural world will not lead to an increased understanding of the world.
“Write down every observation you make from the time you get up in the morning to the time you go to bed on a given day. When you finish, you will have a great number of facts, but you will not have a greater understanding of the world.” (Stanovich & Stanovich, 2003, p. 12)
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