Shelley, a college sophomore, is an actively aggressive defier. She prides herself on being a fiercely independent person who doesn’t need or want anyone to tell her what to do. She often resorts to fighting words in her verbal outbursts:
– “How could he give me such a crappy grade?”
– “He’s tormenting me with that ridiculous assignment!”
– “Doesn’t she know I have better things to do with my time?”
It’s not just her words that display her defiance; it’s also her actions. She feels no guilt about petty acts of defiance, like returning library books late, ignoring due dates for essays, and refusing to pay parking tickets.