All the following (1–5) must be present:
- Is preoccupied with the Internet (think about previous online activity or anticipate next online session).
- Needs to use the Internet with increased amounts of time in order to achieve satisfaction.
- Has made unsuccessful efforts to control, cut back, or stop Internet use.
- Is restless, moody, depressed, or irritable when attempting to cut down or stop Internet use.
- Has stayed online longer than originally intended.
At least one of the following:
- Has jeopardized or risked the loss of a significant relationship, job, educational or career opportunity because of the Internet.
- Has lied to family members, therapist, or others to conceal the extent of involvement with the Internet.
- Uses the Internet as a way of escaping from problems or of relieving a dysphoric mood (e.g., feelings of helplessness, guilt, anxiety, depression).
From “Modification in the Proposed Diagnostic Criteria for Internet Addiction,”
Jun 2001, Vol. 4, No. 3: 377-383 by Keith W. Beard, PsyD and Eve M. Wolf, PhD.
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Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 21 Aug 2005
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Grohol, J. (2005). Beard and Wolf”s 2001 Criteria for Maladaptive Internet Use. Psych Central. Retrieved on March 8, 2014, from http://psychcentral.com/blog/archives/2005/08/21/beard-and-wolfs-2001-criteria-for-maladaptive-internet-use/