All the following (1–5) must be present:

  1. Is preoccupied with the Internet (think about previous online activity or anticipate next online session).
  2. Needs to use the Internet with increased amounts of time in order to achieve satisfaction.
  3. Has made unsuccessful efforts to control, cut back, or stop Internet use.
  4. Is restless, moody, depressed, or irritable when attempting to cut down or stop Internet use.
  5. Has stayed online longer than originally intended.

At least one of the following:

  1. Has jeopardized or risked the loss of a significant relationship, job, educational or career opportunity because of the Internet.
  2. Has lied to family members, therapist, or others to conceal the extent of involvement with the Internet.
  3. Uses the Internet as a way of escaping from problems or of relieving a dysphoric mood (e.g., feelings of helplessness, guilt, anxiety, depression).

From “Modification in the Proposed Diagnostic Criteria for Internet Addiction,”
Jun 2001, Vol. 4, No. 3: 377-383
by Keith W. Beard, PsyD and Eve M. Wolf, PhD.

 


Comments


View Comments / Leave a Comment

This post currently has 0 comments.
You can read the comments or leave your own thoughts.


    Last reviewed: By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on 21 Aug 2005
    Published on PsychCentral.com. All rights reserved.

APA Reference
Grohol, J. (2005). Beard and Wolf”s 2001 Criteria for Maladaptive Internet Use. Psych Central. Retrieved on November 25, 2014, from http://psychcentral.com/blog/archives/2005/08/21/beard-and-wolfs-2001-criteria-for-maladaptive-internet-use/

 

Recent Comments
  • Chels: Yes I agree you are an addict for life. I believe that these tips are great as plan for when those triggers...
  • Luis: Dr. Grohol, Thank you for this wonderful article. It was definitely right on time. It tapped into my emotions...
  • Sean: Feidlimid, believe me, I GET IT. I was misunderstood, misdiagnosed and suicidal for too many years. A very...
  • Sean: I struggled with bipolar for over a decade, yes TEN years, before finding a medication that worked. I went thru...
  • amelia: “Realize that loneliness is a feeling not a fact”? How can you make such an affirmation? I live...
Subscribe to Our Weekly Newsletter


Find a Therapist
Enter ZIP or postal code



Users Online: 7122
Join Us Now!